Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Hydroxyapatite-Wollastonite Biocomposites, Produced by an Alternative Sol-Gel Route

Martín A. Encinas-Romero, Jesús Peralta-Haley, Jesús L. Valenzuela-García, Felipe F. Castillón-Barraza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hydroxyapatite is a type of calcium phosphate-based material with great interest for biomedical applications, due to the chemical similarity between this material and the mineral part of human bone. However, synthetic hydroxyapatite is essentially brittle; the practice indicates that the use of hydroxyapatite without additives for implant production is not efficient, due to its low strength parameters. In the present work, biocomposites of hydroxyapatite-wollastonite were synthesized by an alternative sol-gel route, using calcium nitrate and ammonium phosphate as precursors of hydroxya-patite, and high purity natural wollastonite was added in ratios of 20, 50 and 80 percent by weight immersed in aqueous medium. Formation of hydroxyapatite occurs at a relatively low temperature of about 350˚C, while the wollastonite re-mains unreacted. After that, these biocomposites were sintered at 1200˚C for 5 h to produce dense materials. The char-acterization techniques demonstrated the presence of hydroxyapatite and wollastonite as unique phases in all products.
Original languageSpanish (Mexico)
Pages (from-to)327-333
Number of pages7
Journal Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology
Volume04
Issue number04
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

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