Hydroxyapatite is a type of calcium phosphate-based material with great interest for biomedical applications, due to the chemical similarity between this material and the mineral part of human bone. However, synthetic hydroxyapatite is essentially brittle; the practice indicates that the use of hydroxyapatite without additives for implant production is not efficient, due to its low strength parameters. In the present work, biocomposites of hydroxyapatite-wollastonite were synthesized by an alternative sol-gel route, using calcium nitrate and ammonium phosphate as precursors of hydroxya-patite, and high purity natural wollastonite was added in ratios of 20, 50 and 80 percent by weight immersed in aqueous medium. Formation of hydroxyapatite occurs at a relatively low temperature of about 350˚C, while the wollastonite re-mains unreacted. After that, these biocomposites were sintered at 1200˚C for 5 h to produce dense materials. The char-acterization techniques demonstrated the presence of hydroxyapatite and wollastonite as unique phases in all products.
Encinas-Romero, M. A., Peralta-Haley, J., Valenzuela-García, J. L., & Castillón-Barraza, F. F. (2013). Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Hydroxyapatite-Wollastonite Biocomposites, Produced by an Alternative Sol-Gel Route. Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology, 04(04), 327-333. https://doi.org/10.4236/jbnb.2013.44041