Synthesis and swelling properties of pH- and temperature-sensitive interpenetrating polymer networks composed of polyacrylamide and poly(γ-glutamic acid)

D.E. Rodríguez-Félix, M.M. Castillo-Ortega, D. Real-Félix, J. Romero-García, A.S. Ledezma-Pérez, F. Rodríguez-Félix

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Abstract

Novel hydrogels of interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) composed of polyacrylamide and poly(γ-glutamic acid) were synthesized. In these systems, both polymers were crosslinked independently; this reduced the potential loss of a polymer during the washing process, as often occurs in semi-IPN systems. Interpolymer interactions were investigated with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. These studies suggested possible interactions between both polymers by the formation of hydrogen bonds. The swelling behavior of these hydrogels was analyzed by immersion of the hydrogel samples in deionized water at 25 and 37°C and in buffer solutions with pHs of 3, 7, and 10. The kinetics of swelling showed increases in the values of the swelling ratio with increasing immersion time in the swelling medium, molar proportion of the biopolymer in the hydrogel, temperature, and pH of the swelling medium. All of the hydrogels swelled rapidly and reached equilibrium in an average time of 40 min.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)3531-3537
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume119
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • biopolymers
  • hydrogels
  • interpenetrating networks (IPN)

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