Synthesis by hydrothermal treatment of zno-based varistors doped with rare earth oxides and their characterization by impedance spectroscopy

J. Porcayo-Calderon*, J. J. Ramos-Hernandez, C. D. Arrieta-Gonzalez, J. G. Chacon-Nava, J. G. Gonzalez-Rodriguez, E. Porcayo-Palafox, M. Sanchez-Carrillo, J. P. Flores-De Los Rios, L. Martinez-Gomez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

ZnO-based ceramic varistors have shown excellent electrical and dielectric properties due to their characteristics microstructures represented by the arrangement of their grains and grain boundaries that allow the absorption and flow of energy when subjected to an electrical surge. Their properties and characteristics depend on their chemical compositions and processing routes. Typical processing routes involve several stages of grinding and precalcination—which are time consuming processes. Because of this, this study proposes a simpler and cheaper alternative route for processing ceramic varistors. The alternative process proposed is the mixing of the precursor oxides by means of a hydrothermal treatment. The characteristics and properties of the synthesized ceramic varistors were evaluated by means of scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and impedance spectroscopy, considering the effect of the addition of rare earth oxides (La2 O3, CeO2 and Nd2 O3). The results showed that the mixing of the oxides through hydrothermal treatment produces ceramic varistors with characteristics and properties similar to those obtained by other processing routes. Furthermore, it was observed that the addition of rare earth oxides affects the characteristics and properties of the ceramic varistor depending on the type of rare earth oxide added, its concentration and ionic radius.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1134
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalCrystals
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Ceramic varistor
  • Hydrothermal treatment
  • Impedance spectroscopy
  • Rare earth oxides

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