Synthesis of (α- and β-)Si3N4/Si2N2O into silicon particulate porous preforms by hybrid system CVI and direct nitridation

J. C. Flores-García, M. I. Pech-Canul*, A. L. Leal-Cruz, J. C. Rendón-Angeles

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


An investigation on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Si/Si3N4/Si2N2O porous ceramic composites, synthesized in a multi-step approach via hybrid precursor system chemical vapor infiltration (HYSYCVI) and direct nitridation (DN) has been conducted. Particulate silicon porous preforms were infiltrated in subsequent stages S1-1, S1-2 (both at 1300°C for 70min in high purity nitrogen (HPN) using Na2SiF6 as solid precursor) and S2 (1350°C for 120min in ultra high purity nitrogen (UHPN)). Chemical reactions that account for the formation of Si2N2O and Si3N4 are proposed. Results show that the microstructure of the composites was influenced by atmosphere type and processing stage, affecting kind, morphology and size (including nanometric size) of nitrides formed. Porous composites (43% porosity) with modulus of rupture (MOR)≈43±3.5MPa (evaluated in four-point bending tests) and elastic modulus (E)≈29GPa (determined by the pulse-echo ultrasonic method) are routinely obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-184
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Authors gratefully acknowledge CONACyT for financial support under contract No. SEP-CONACYT-2005-1/24322. Also, Mr. J.C. Flores-García expresses his gratitude to CONACyT for providing a scholarship. Finally, the authors also thank Mrs. M. Rivas-Aguilar and S. Rodriguez-Arias for technical assistance during the analysis by SEM and XRD, respectively.


  • A. Powders-gas phase reaction
  • B. Composites
  • D. Nitrides
  • E. Structural applications


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