Tb3+-Tb3+ cross-relaxation study under novel experimental technique: Simultaneous laser excitation at UV–Vis

M. E. Álvarez-Ramos*, F. Félix-Domínguez, R. C. Carrillo-Torres, G. Saavedra-Rodríguez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Tb3+ doped GeO2-Na2O glasses have been fabricated by conventional melt quenching technique using 0.3, 1, 3, and 5 %mol of terbium ions. The optical properties were studied by means of steady-state photoluminescence (excitation and emission spectra), and emission decay time. Under excitation of 355 nm and as the concentration of dopant increases, the glasses show an enhancement of the emission intensity from 5D4 level accompanied by a decrease on the emission intensity from 5D3 level. This phenomenon can be attributed to an energy transfer process that occurs through cross-relaxation mechanisms between Tb3+ ions. The aim of this study is to report an experimental technique to study the cross-relaxation of 5D3 level decay curves of Tb3+ ions under simultaneous temporal and spatial pulsed excitation using UV and visible light (355 nm + 488 nm), allowing to limit the occurrence of cross-relaxation mechanisms and increase luminescent efficiency. Upon simultaneous UV + Vis excitation, the emission from 5D3 level in enhanced, as the energy of the 488 nm pulse is increased. Additionally, the energy transfer efficiency between Tb3+ ions was analyzed with the Inokuti-Hirayama (IH) model, as function of the excitation pulse energy at 488 nm, keeping fixed the energy of the 355 nm pulse, determining a dipole–dipole interaction as the dominant interaction mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122136
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
StatePublished - 5 Mar 2023

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  • Decay times
  • Energy transfer
  • Germanate glasses
  • Luminescence
  • Terbium


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