The effects of environmental salinity on the growth and physiology of totoaba Totoaba macdonaldi and shortfin corvina Cynoscion parvipinnis

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Abstract

Totoaba Totoaba macdonaldi and shortfin corvina Cynoscion parvipinnis, were acclimated and reared together at salinities of 0, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 35 for 56 days. Initial overall mean ± s.d. body masses of 67·6 ± 7·1 g T. macdonaldi and 37·3 ± 3·1 g C. parvipinnis increased to final overall masses of 217·4 ± 30·3 and 96·5 ± 16·5 g, respectively, at the end of the study. Totoaba macdonaldi was not able to tolerate salinities of 0 and 2 and C. parvipinnis of 0. In contrast, both species had 100% survival at salinities ≥ 10. Somatic growth was highest not at natural seawater salinity of 35, but at 10. Plasma osmolality ranged from 172·5 to 417·0 mOsmol kg−1 for T. macdonaldi and from 207·0 to 439·5 mOsmol kg−1 for C. parvipinnis and varied in direct proportion to salinity. The estimated isosmotic salinities of T. macdonaldi and C. parvipinnis were 12·3 and 13·4, respectively. Cynoscion parvipinnis reared at two had significantly lower plasma lysozyme activity (95·0 Units ml−1) than fish held at salinities from 5 to 35 (ranging from 215·0 to 355·0 Units ml−1), but without clear trends over this range. Blood neutrophil oxidative radical production (NBT) (ranging from 3·9 to 6·7 mg ml−1) had some significant differences among salinities, but these did not follow a clear pattern. For T. macdonaldi, neither lysozyme activity nor NBT was affected by salinity. Ash content of whole fishes varied directly and moisture content inversely, with salinity for both species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)510-527
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Fish Biology
Volume91
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles

Keywords

  • Cynoscion parvipinnis
  • Totoaba macdonaldi
  • euryhaline
  • osmolality
  • salinity

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