The “new environmental paradigm” in a mexican community

Víctor Corral-Verdugo, Luz Irene Armendáriz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations


A sample of 422 Mexicans from a medium-sized city responded to the New Environmental Paradigm-Human Exception Paradigm (NEP-HEP) scale, which assesses peoples' beliefs about human-environment relations. The NEP scale contains questions referring to the need for a “natural balance” and “limits to human impact on nature.” In contrast, implicit in the HEP scale is a view of humankind as different from and with control over nature. The responses of the interviewees revealed higher levels of adherence to the NEP than to the HEP. However, confirmatory factor analysis showed the covariances between pro-NEP and pro-HEP factors to be high and significant, indicating that the participants did not see the two paradigms as mutually exclusive, as do members of some industrialized societies. The results point to a more holistic view of human relations with the environment, in contrast to the dualistic vision of some western countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-31
Number of pages7
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes


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