The pronominal form -a as a middle marker in Pima Bajo

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This paper analyzes middle voice expressions in Pima Bajo, a Uto-Aztecan language spoken in northwest Mexico. The analysis shows that the reflexives and middles differ in that in the latter there is no coreferential relation among the participants. It also shows that middles differ from reflexives in the semantic role of the subject participant: agent in reflexives and executor or patient in middles. Pragmatic factors condition the semantic role of executor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-302
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Journal of American Linguistics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2005


  • Agent
  • Coreference
  • Executor
  • Middle voice
  • Patient
  • Pima Bajo
  • Pragmatic uses
  • Semantic roles
  • Uto-Aztecan
  • Volitionally and nonvolitionally involved participant


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