Thermodynamic and Kinetic Aspects of Gold Adsorption in Micrometric Activated Carbon and the Impact of Their Loss in Adsorption, Desorption, and Reactivation Plants

Rodrigo Martínez-Peñuñuri*, Jose R. Parga-Torres, Jesus L. Valenzuela-García, Héctor J. Díaz-Galaviz, Gregorio González-Zamarripa, Alejandro M. García-Alegría

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The production and loss of fine particles of activated carbon (AC) loaded with gold in the adsorption processes is a worldwide problem, mainly due to the behavior of increasing its adsorption capacity with respect to the decrease in particle size, which becomes relevant to determine the thermodynamic and kinetic activity of the gold adsorption and the economic impact of its loss, with the escape towards the later stages of the system of adsorption, desorption, and reactivation (ADR) plants of AC. Through the adsorption of gold in a synthetic medium with sodium cyanide concentration, using different particle sizes, AC weights, and adsorption times, data were generated for analysis by three different isotherm models, resulting in a better tendency for the Freundlich isotherm, from which thermodynamic parameters of ΔG equal to −2.022 kcal/mol, ΔH equal to −16.710 kcal/mol, and ΔS equal to −0.049 kcal/molK were obtained, which shows that it is a spontaneous, exothermic process with a lower degree of disorder. The kinetic analysis was performed with two different models, from which the pseudo-second-order model was used due to a better tendency and displayed a behavior that leaves open the interpretation of the increase in adsorption with respect to the decrease in the AC particle size but demonstrated the importance of recovering these particles in relation to their gold concentration and the economic impact from their poor recovery, which, for this case study, amounted to ~0.3 million dollars per year.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4961
JournalMaterials
Volume16
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • activated carbon
  • adsorption
  • adsorption
  • desorption, and reactivation plants
  • gold
  • heap leaching

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