Tunable emission and energy transfer in TeO2-GeO2-ZnO and TeO2-GeO2-MgCl2 glasses activated with Eu3+/Dy3+ for solid state lighting applications

R. C. Carrillo-Torres, G. Saavedra-Rodríguez, J. Alvarado-Rivera, U. Caldiño, R. Sánchez-Zeferino, M. E. Alvarez-Ramos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The results presented here refer to the tunability of global emission characteristics of Eu3+, Dy3+ and Eu3+/Dy3+ ions, varying the composition glasses; TeO2-GeO2-X (X = ZnO, MgCl2). Also, the influence of exchanging the modifier compound on the global luminescent response of the glasses was analyzed by Raman spectroscopy, excitation and emission spectra, and emission decay profiles. Changes in the Te-O-Te network structure, when MgCl2 substitutes ZnO, were identified from Raman spectrum deconvolution analysis. The energy transfer between Eu3+ and Dy3+ ions, and tunable emission characteristics, were studied under UV excitations that correspond with the emission of InGaN (370–420 nm) based LEDs. The energy transfer process between Eu3+ and Dy3+ ions was studied based on the emission spectra with different excitation wavelengths and time decay curves of the 5D07F2 level of Eu3+ at 612 nm. In TGZED and TGMED glasses and upon 351 nm, the time shortening of Dy3+ emission decay in presence of Eu3+ was attributed to an Dy3+→Eu3+ non-radiative energy transfer process. The energy transfer probabilities PD→E and energy transfer efficiency ηD→E were calculated for TGZ and TGM glasses. According to the Inokuti-Hirayama model it might be dominated through an electric dipole-dipole interaction, with efficiency of 5.0% and 1.9% and the obtained γ6 energy transfer parameter values γ6 = 0.082 ± 0.005 and 0.026 ± 0.005 respectively, for TGZED and TGMED glasses. The non-radiative Eu3+→Dy3+ energy transfer was observed too for both glasses TGZED and TGMED, so that transfer of energy is more favored in the oxide vitreous matrix than in the oxide-halide one. The dominated are an electric dipole-dipole interaction with γ6 energy transfer parameter values are 0.072 ± 0.005 (TGZED) and 0.036 ± 0.005 (TGMED), with efficiency 6.9 and 4.1% respectively. In TGM glasses is very low efficiency of non-radiative Dy3+→Eu3+ and Eu3+ →Dy3+ energy transfer that TGZ matrix. Neutral white emissions of 4135, 4567 K were observed in the Dy3+ and 3914 and 242 K, Eu3+/Dy3+ doped TGZ glasses excited at 351 and 388 nm, respectively. Similarly, global emissions of Dy3+ single doped were 4028 and 4123 K, but in Eu3+/Dy3+ double doped TGM glasses are neutral white light of 3929 and 3979 K, respectively. Upon 394 nm excitation, the Eu3+ doped TGZ and TGM glasses displayed reddish-orange global emissions of 1979 and 1964 K, respectively. For excitations at 382 and 394 nm the Eu3+/Dy3+ doped TGZ and TGM glasses emit warm white light of 3414 and 3160 K (382 nm excitation) and reddish-orange of 2123 and 2030 K (394 nm excitation), respectively, depending mostly on the Eu3+ and Dy3+ relative excitation intensity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-125
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Luminescence
StatePublished - Aug 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019


  • Dy
  • Energy transfer
  • Eu
  • Orange-reddish emission
  • Warm white emission
  • ZnO-GeO-TeO and MgCl-GeO-TeO glasses


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