Validation of a Spanish Translation of the Faceted Inventory of the Five-Factor Model in Two Mexican University Student Samples

Nadia S. Corral-Frías*, Alejandro Corona-Espinosa, David Watson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The validity, and thus utility, of psychological instruments requires continued evaluation of their underlying psychometric properties across contexts. Measurement tools have been developed over the past few decades to assess personality constructs developed through various theoretical frameworks. The Big Five has been a particular focus of such inquiry; however, few studies have validated a Spanish version for use in Mexico. Using two separate Mexican college student samples (Sample 1: n = 289, Sample 2: n = 309) we tested factorial structure, reliability, and validity of a Spanish translation of the Faceted Inventory of the Five-Factor Model (FI-FFM; Watson, Nus, & Wu). An exploratory factor analysis showed a similar structure to the original FI-FFM, albeit with some exceptions primarily within the Extraversion and Agreeableness domains. Furthermore, the FI-FFM scales were internally consistent and highly stable over time (average interval = 5 months). Finally, the scales showed strong convergent and discriminant validity and the facet scales displayed validity in predicting outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research received funding from a Mexico Research Collaboration Grant from the University of Notre Dame. NSCF would like to thank the Social Sciences Division and Postgraduate and Research Office at the University of Sonora for financial support that helped foster this international collaboration.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.


  • five-factor model
  • hierarchical measures
  • Spanish
  • translation
  • validation


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