Acid Leaching of La and Ce from Ferrocarbonatite-Related REE Ores

Diego Alejandro Tamayo-Soriano, Ma de Jesus Soria-Aguilar*, Nallely Guadalupe Picazo-Rodríguez*, Antonia Martínez-Luévanos, Francisco Raul Carrillo-Pedroza*, Ulises Figueroa-López, Jesús Leobardo Valenzuela García

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Rare earth elements comprise a group of 17 chemically similar elements, which increases the difficulty of separating them by traditional methods. For this reason, hydrometallurgy has been the most used method. However, it is important to evaluate the efficiency of the leaching processes used because, in addition to depending on the operating parameters of the leaching, they also depend on the mineralogical composition of the sample. In the present work, the extraction of Ce and La contained in the ferrocarbonatite mineral from the north of Mexico was studied. For the leaching tests, several leaching agents were used (HCl, H2SO4, HNO3, and H3PO4 in different concentrations (0.5 [M], 1 [M], 1.5 [M]) and the temperature was modified to 20, 40, and 60 °C. A maximum recovery of 70% for Ce and La was obtained using HCl 1M in 4 h. The results of the kinetic study of the experiments showed that the best fitting model according to these kinetic models was the SCM controlled by a chemical reaction.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo504
PublicaciónMinerals
Volumen14
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublicada - may. 2024

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