Concentrated phases of an ionic surfactant (Aerosol OT) in polar solvents

Daniel Berrellez, Judith Tánori, Alan German Acedo-Mendoza, Amir Maldonado*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

We have studied concentrated phases of Aerosol OT (AOT) in polar (water, ethylene glycol, formamide, N,N-dimethylformamide) and apolar (isooctane) solvents. We investigated two surfactant volume fractions (φ = 0.2 and φ = 0.6) with small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS), rheology and electrical conductivity experiments. AOT self-assembles differently depending on solvent type and concentration. SAXS experiments show that the AOT/water system displays a lamellar phase. In the other cases, only formamide displays a lamellar phase for φ = 0.6. The other solvents (and formamide at φ = 0.2) promote the self-assembly of AOT in other microstructures. The SAXS spectra display correlation peaks consistent with a disordered array of cylindrical aggregates. The microstructure of the AOT/isooctane system at φ = 0.2 is that of an arrangement of spherical aggregates. The results are explained in terms of surfactant packing models and solvent properties. For instance, the ability of ethylene glycol to form hydrogen bonds with AOT promotes the formation of cylindrical aggregates by increasing the area per surfactant polar head. As N,N-dimethylformamide is slightly miscible in hydrocarbons it increases the volume of the surfactant tail promoting reverse structures.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)235-243
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónJournal of Surfactants and Detergents
Volumen25
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2022

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