Effect of PbI2 surface treatment with DMSO vapor on the properties and photodetector characteristics of CH3NH3PbI3–xClx perovskite films synthesized by a PbS-to-PbI2-to-perovskite sequence

M. Cota-Leal*, E. Paredes-Sotelo, M. Sotelo-Lerma, J. A. García-Valenzuela

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

In this work, we present the effect of the treatment of PbI2 thin films with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) vapor on the final characteristics and properties of CH3NH3PbI3–xClx perovskite synthesized from a three-step approach. This is an additional step, thus, it changes the previous approach to a four-step sequence, which, for the present research, consists in the following: (1) chemical solution deposition of PbS thin films over glass substrates; (2) chemical transformation of the deposited PbS thin films into PbI2 by means of a gas–solid reaction with iodine vapor; (3) surface treatment of the synthesized PbI2 thin films with DMSO vapor, being this step the driving force of the present research; and (4) chemical transformation of the DMSO-treated PbI2 thin films into CH3NH3PbI3–xClx perovskite films by means of a liquid–solid reaction with a spin-coated solution mix of methylammonium iodide/chloride. We particularly present here the effect of four exposure times to DMSO vapor (5, 10, 15, and 20 min), which were compared against an untreated reference. The thin films of all the synthesized materials were uniform and strongly adhered to the glass substrate. The PbI2 and perovskite samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) and fluorescence spectroscopies. It was observed that all the DMSO-treated PbI2 films present pores and, thus, show a decrease of transmittance. They also lead to subsequent perovskite samples that present blurred grain boundaries, which are less pronounced in comparison to the reference perovskite, which was synthesized from PbI2 with no DMSO treatment. This resultant morphology, translated in a better continuity of the perovskite material, was attributed as the cause of the increased photocurrent and responsivity of the photodetector fabricated from perovskite synthesized from DMSO-treated PbI2 film, as compared with the photodetector fabricated with the reference perovskite. Therefore, the treatment of PbI2 thin films with DMSO vapor is beneficial for improving the photodetector characteristics of CH3NH3PbI3–xClx perovskites.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo105773
PublicaciónOrganic Electronics
Volumen84
DOI
EstadoPublicada - sep. 2020

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© 2020 Elsevier B.V.

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Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Effect of PbI2 surface treatment with DMSO vapor on the properties and photodetector characteristics of CH3NH3PbI3–xClx perovskite films synthesized by a PbS-to-PbI2-to-perovskite sequence'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

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