Exogenous thyroxine increases cardiac GLUT4 translocation in insulin resistant OLETF rats

Dora A. Mendez*, José G. Soñanez-Organis, Xue Yang, Guillermo Vazquez-Anaya, Akira Nishiyama, Rudy M. Ortiz

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva


During insulin resistance, the heart undergoes a metabolic shift in which fatty acids (FA) account for roughly about 99% of the ATP production. This metabolic shift is indicative of impaired glucose metabolism. A shift in FA metabolism with impaired glucose tolerance can increase reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipotoxicity, and mitochondrial dysfunction, ultimately leading to cardiomyopathy. Thyroid hormones (TH) may improve the glucose intolerance by increasing glucose reabsorption and metabolism in peripheral tissues, but little is known on its effects on cardiac tissue during insulin resistance. In the present study, insulin resistant Otsuka Long Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats were used to assess the effects of exogenous thyroxine (T4) on glucose metabolism in cardiac tissue. Rats were assigned to four groups: (1) lean, Long Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO; n=6), (2) LETO + T4 (8 μg/100 g BM/d × 5 wks; n = 7), (3) untreated OLETF (n = 6), and (4) OLETF + T4 (8 μg/100 g BM/d × 5 wks; n = 7). T4 increased GLUT4 gene expression by 85% in OLETF and increased GLUT4 protein translocation to the membrane by 294%. Additionally, T4 increased p-AS160 by 285%, phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1) mRNA, the rate limiting step in glycolysis, by 98% and hexokinase II by 64% in OLETF. T4 decreased both CPT2 mRNA and protein expression in OLETF. The results suggest that exogenous T4 has the potential to increase glucose uptake and metabolism while simultaneously reducing fatty acid transport in the heart of insulin resistant rats. Thus, L-thyroxine may have therapeutic value to help correct the impaired substrate metabolism associated with diabetic cardiomyopathy.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo112254
PublicaciónMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
EstadoPublicada - 1 sep. 2024

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