Gene expression during the development of Mycobacterium smegmatis biofilms on hydroxyapatite surfaces

Jacqueline Juárez-Cepeda, Olivia Valenzuela, Estefanía Garibay-Valdez, Carlos Velazquez, Adriana Garibay-Escobar*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)


Bacterial biofilms are a consortium of bacteria that are strongly bound to each other and the surface on which they developed irreversibly. Bacteria can survive adverse environmental conditions and undergo changes when transitioning from a planktonic form to community cells. The process of mycobacteria adhesion is complex, involving characteristics and properties of bacteria, surfaces, and environmental factors; therefore, the formation of different biofilms is possible. Cell wall-, lipid-, and lipid transporter-related genes (glycopeptidolipids, GroEL1, protein kinase) are important in mycobacterial biofilm development. We investigated gene expression during in vitro development of Mycobacterium smegmatis biofilms on a hydroxyapatite (HAP) surface. Biofilm formation by M. smegmatis cells was induced for 1, 2, 3, and 5 days on the HAP surface. Mycobacteria on polystyrene generated an air–liquid interface biofilm, and on the fifth day, it increased by 35% in the presence of HAP. Six genes with key roles in biofilm formation were analyzed by real-time RT‒qPCR during the biofilm formation of M. smegmatis on both abiotic surfaces. The expression of groEL1, lsr2, mmpL11, mps, pknF, and rpoZ genes during biofilm formation on the HAP surface did not exhibit significant changes compared to the polystyrene surface. These genes involved in biofilm formation are not affected by HAP.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)257-263
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónInternational Microbiology
EstadoPublicada - feb. 2024

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© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


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