Hybrid nanoparticles containing both structural and functional nanocomponents might result in higher success and increased quality of life for patients suffering a disease such as cancer. In this study, we combine chemotherapy of conventional drug doxorubicin (Dox) with gold nanorods (AuNR) for photothermal therapy using multifunctional human serum albumin nanoparticles (HSA NP's) fabricated via desolvation technique with high efficiency. Folic acid (FA) was conjugated to HSA NP's trough an amidation via carbodiimide reaction for a more specific nanoplataform to HeLa cancer cells. The loading efficiency of Dox into AuNR loaded-HSA NP reached up to 2 μg Dox/mg HSA. The HSA-AuNR-Dox NP experienced photothermal heating varying laser potency (1, 0.5 and 0.2 W); reaching the bulk particle solution an increment of 16, 8 and 6 °C after 10 min of near-IR laser exposure respectively. When HeLa cells were treated with this multifunctional nanoplataform containing only AuNR, cancer cells experienced 96% cell viability without irradiation and 55% cell viability after just one irradiation session. When Dox is present in the nanoplataform, viability were 60% and 24% for non-irradiated and irradiated nanoplataforms, respectively. This study demonstrates that HSA-AuNR-Dox nanoparticles are suitable systems allowing a synergic chemo and phothothermal therapy.
Encinas-Basurto, D., Ibarra, J., Juarez, J., Pardo, A., Barbosa, S., Taboada, P., & Valdez, M. A. (2018). Hybrid folic acid-conjugated gold nanorods-loaded human serum albumin nanoparticles for simultaneous photothermal and chemotherapeutic therapy. Materials Science and Engineering C. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2018.06.002