Lethal effects of CO2-modified atmospheres for the control of three Bruchidae species

Francisco J. Wong-Corral, Cristina Castañé, Jordi Riudavets*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

40 Citas (Scopus)


Bruchid beetles are important pests of field and stored legumes, causing great economic losses. The main pest species are Callosobruchus maculatus, Acanthoscelides obtectus and Zabrotes subfasciatus. Modified atmospheres (MAs) with high carbon dioxide (CO2) content are environmentally friendly pest control methods for stored products. They are effective in controlling a wide range of species and can be used to treat different food products without leading to an accumulation of toxic residues. The present study aimed to establish the efficacy of using MAs with high CO2 to control all developmental stages of these three bruchid pest species. Three high CO2 MAs (50%, 70% and 90%) were tested at 28°C. In general, pupae and/or eggs were the most tolerant stages to hypercarbia, while adults were less tolerant. The susceptibility of eggs varied greatly according to their phase of development and the pattern was different in the three species tested. Tolerance of other stages to CO2 also varied among the three bruchid species. To achieve total mortality of Z.subfasciatus, a maximum of 9-11 days were needed, depending on CO2 concentration, to kill the eggs. This stage and the pupae were the most tolerant stages. However, in A.obtectus and C.maculatus, only pupae were the most tolerant and required 9 days to be killed, their eggs being more sensitive to CO2.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)62-67
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónJournal of Stored Products Research
EstadoPublicada - oct. 2013


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