Metagenomics of mine tailing rhizospheric communities and its selection for plant establishment towards bioremediation

Miguel F. Romero, Diana Gallego, Arely Lechuga-Jiménez, José F. Martínez, Hugo R. Barajas, Corina Hayano-Kanashiro, Mariana Peimbert, Rocío Cruz-Ortega, Francisco E. Molina-Freaner, Luis D. Alcaraz*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Mining operations often generate tailing dams that contain toxic residues and are a source of contamination when left unconfined. The establishment of a plant community over the tailings has been proposed as a containment strategy known as phytostabilization. Previously, we described naturally occurring mine tailing colonizing plants such as Acacia farnesiana, Brickellia coulteri, Baccharis sarothroides, and Gnaphalium leucocephalum without finding local adaptation. We explored the rhizosphere microbes as contributors in plant establishment and described both the culturable and in situ diversity of rhizospheric bacteria using the 16S rRNA gene and metagenomic shotgun sequencing. We built a synthetic community (SC) of culturable rhizosphere bacteria from the mine tailings. The SC was then the foundation for a serial passes experiment grown in plant-derived nutrient sources, selecting for heavy metals tolerance, community cooperation, and competition. The outcome of the serial passes was named the ‘final synthetic community’ (FSC). Overall, diversity decreased from in situ uncultivable microbes from roots (399 bacteria genera) to the cultivated communities (291 genera), the SC (94 genera), and the lowest diversity was in the FSC (43 genera). Metagenomic diversity clustered into 94,245 protein families, where we found plant growth promotion-related genes such as the csgBAC and entCEBAH, coded in a metagenome-assembled genome named Kosakonia sp. Nacozari. Finally, we used the FSC to inoculate mine tailing colonizing plants in a greenhouse experiment. The plants with the FSC inocula observed higher relative plant growth rates in sterile substrates. The FSC presents promising features that might make it useful for phytostabilization tailored strategies.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo126732
PublicaciónMicrobiological Research
Volumen247
DOI
EstadoPublicada - jun 2021

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