Nutraceutical strategies for suppressing nlrp3 inflammasome activation: Pertinence to the management of covid-19 and beyond

Mark F. McCarty, Simon Bernard Iloki Assanga, Lidianys Lewis Luján, James H. O’keefe, James J. Dinicolantonio*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revisiónrevisión exhaustiva

36 Citas (Scopus)


Inflammasomes are intracellular protein complexes that form in response to a variety of stress signals and that serve to catalyze the proteolytic conversion of pro-interleukin-1β and pro-interleukin-18 to active interleukin-1β and interleukin-18, central mediators of the inflammatory response; inflammasomes can also promote a type of cell death known as pyroptosis. The NLRP3 inflammasome has received the most study and plays an important pathogenic role in a vast range of pathologies associated with inflammation—including atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, the complications of diabetes, neurological and autoimmune disorders, dry macular degeneration, gout, and the cytokine storm phase of COVID-19. A consideration of the molecular biology underlying inflammasome priming and activation enables the prediction that a range of nutraceuticals may have clinical potential for suppressing inflammasome activity—antioxidants including phycocyanobilin, phase 2 inducers, melatonin, and N-acetylcysteine, the AMPK activator berberine, glucosamine, zinc, and various nutraceuticals that support generation of hydrogen sulfide. Complex nutraceuticals or functional foods featuring a number of these agents may find utility in the prevention and control of a wide range of medical disorders.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo47
Páginas (desde-hasta)1-21
Número de páginas21
EstadoPublicada - ene. 2021

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© 2020 by the authors. Li-censee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


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