Optimization of Locking Plate Screw Angle Used to Treat Two-Part Proximal Humerus Fractures to Maintain Fracture Stability

Angel D. Castro-Franco, Ismael Mendoza-Muñoz, Alvaro González-Angeles*, Mildrend I. Montoya-Reyes, Nun Pitalúa-Díaz

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva


Proximal humerus fractures increase with the aging of the population. Due to the high failure rates of surgical treatments such as open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), biomechanical studies seek to optimize the treatments and intervening factors to improve the quality of life of people undergoing these treatments. The aim of the present study was to determine the optimal insertion angle configuration of screws used in a two-part proximal humerus fracture-locking plate osteosynthesis treatment based on finite element analysis (FEA). A series of 3D models of PHILOS locking plates with different screw insertion angle configurations were designed using a matrix system for screw angulation. The locking plate models were evaluated in a two-part proximal humerus fracture with surgical neck fracture under bending and compressive loading conditions using FEA and statistically analyzed using a design of experiments (DOE). The optimal screw insertion angle setting showed an improvement in relation to the interfragmentary strain value of the fracture. Moreover, calcar screws were the most significant feature in fracture stability throughout the tests, followed by the divergence of the most proximal screws and the proximal–distal alignment of the locking plate.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo4739
PublicaciónApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
EstadoPublicada - 1 may. 2022

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© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


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