Petrogenesis and geodynamic implications of the Late Cretaceous granitoids in Puerto Libertad, Sonora, México: Insights into geochemical signatures of adakites, adakitic affinity and calc-alkaline rocks in NW Mexico

Alejandra M. Gómez-Valencia, Arturo J. Barrón-Díaz*, Iván R. Espinoza-Encinas, Rufino Lozano-Santa Cruz, Alexander Iriondo, Francisco A. Paz-Moreno, Jesús R. Vidal-Solano

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Paleozoic and Mesozoic stratigraphic sequences in the Puerto Libertad area, NW Sonora, Mexico, are intruded by Laramide granitic plutons with dominantly alkaline affinity. We conducted a petrogenetic study of these bodies across a north-south 35 km long transect at oriented NW-SE which includes the Sierra Picú (SP), El Destierro (ED), Sierra Tordilla (ST) and Sierra Los Mochos (SLM). The intrusive bodies display abundant Mafic Microgranular Enclaves (MME) and are intruded by aplitic and pegmatitic dike swarms. U/Pb zircon dates of the intrusive rocks yield crystallization ages between 71.9 and 74.9 Ma. Granodioritic and mozogranitic rocks dominate the SP and ED, while syenogranitic rocks dominate the ST and SLM regions. In addition, these rocks show notable effects, by normal and listric faults which includes cataclastic rocks. Geothermobarometry data from amphiboles and plagioclase of the granodiorites suggest that the temperatures and pressures reached 711–740 °C and 1.67–2.43 kb. respectively, and were emplaced at depths between ∼5 and 6 km. Geochemically, this magmatism shows a relatively high silica content (56–75 wt%), values of Sr/Y = 29–50, La/Yb = 26–39, Sr up to 600 ppm and Ba up to 1400 ppm and depleted in highfield strength elements. Collectively these geochemical traits accentuate the adakite signature of these rocks. This work raises the current problems related to the petrogenetic and tectonic aspects for the generation of calc-alkaline and adakitic magmas while proposing ternary discrimination diagrams to aid in the discrimination from classic calk-alkaline, adakites and adakitic affinity magmatism.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo103996
PublicaciónJournal of South American Earth Sciences
Volumen119
DOI
EstadoPublicada - nov 2022

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