Physicochemical properties of novel pectin/Aloe gel membranes

M.A. López-Mata, M. Gastelum-Cabrera, E. Valbuena-Gregorio, P.B. Zamudio-Flores, S.E. Burruel-Ibarra, G.G. Morales-Figueroa, L. Quihui-Cota, J.E. Juárez-Onofre

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© 2018, Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute. Nowadays, an increased interest on the development of novel biomaterials for different applications has been observed. The biopolymers such as proteins, lipids, polysaccharides or their combinations have been used for the manufacturing of novel membranes. The pectin is a polysaccharide that previously has been used only or combined with polymeric matrices, but the formulation of PEC/AG has not been evaluated yet. The aim of this work was to evaluate the physicochemical properties of a novel PEC/AG membrane. A mixture of pectin citric (PEC)/Aloe gel (AG) was prepared to manufacture membranes at 100/0 (control), 90/10, 80/20, 70/30, 60/40 and 50/50 proportions (% v/v) by casting method. Water vapor permeability (WVP), solubility, ATR-FTIR spectroscopy, microstructure, mechanical and optical properties were assessed for the produced membranes. The PEC/AG membranes showed a yellowish color, low UV light transmission at 200 nm and no significant changes in the opacity values. In addition, the microstructure by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed changes on the surface appeared as differently sized structures. An analysis of the total area of the 3284 cm−1showed rearrangement of hydrogen bonds of the polysaccharide macromolecules, suggesting an enhanced interaction between the PEC and AG chains. In addition, all the membranes of PEC/AG showed high solubility (100%), low WVP and better toughness, extensibility and plasticity as compared with the control. The assessed physicochemical properties of the produced membranes suggested that they may be used as biomaterial for multiple applications in the medical, pharmaceutical, cosmetic or food industries.
Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)545-553
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónIranian Polymer Journal (English Edition)
EstadoPublicada - 1 ago. 2018

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© 2018, Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute.


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