Preparation and characterization of durum wheat (Triticum durum) straw cellulose nanofibers by electrospinning

Beatriz Montaño-Leyva, Francisco Rodriguez-Felix, Patricia Torres-Chávez, Benjamin Ramirez-Wong, Jaime López-Cervantes, Dalia Sanchez-Machado

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

36 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Cellulose nanofibers from durum wheat straw (Triticum durum) were produced and characterized to study their potential as reinforcement fibers in biocomposites. Cellulose was isolated from wheat straw by chemical treatment. Nanofibers were produced via an electrospinning method using trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) as the solvent. The nanofibers were 270 ± 97 nm in diameter. Analysis of the FT-IR spectra demonstrated that the chemical treatment of the wheat straw removed hemicellulose and lignin. XRD revealed that the crystallinity of the cellulose was reduced after electrospinning, but nanofibers remained highly crystalline. The glass transition temperature (T g value) of the fibers was 130 °C, higher than that of cellulose (122 °C), and the degradation temperature of the fibers was 236 °C. Residual TFA was not present in the nanofibers as assessed by the FT-IR technique. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas (desde-hasta)870-875
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 9 feb 2011

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