Certified-organic farming systems in Baja California Peninsula and Northwest Mexico are nationally and globally recognized, especially due to the production of vegetables and aromatic herbs under protected agriculture systems. Based on the background of some species of the flora of Baja California Sur (BCS) to inhibit a diversity of microorganisms, the effect of 22 medicinal plants of the region was explored to know the in vitro activity against the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. basilici isolated from basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). The plants processed as crude ethanolic and aqueous extracts were analyzed in duplicate (three replicates) evaluating the inhibition of mycelial growth and spore germination. In mycelial inhibition test, all plants extracts (1000 mg L-1) showed an effectiveness of 11 to 40% to inhibit F. oxysporum. The most effective plant extracts according to 50% effective inhibition dose (ED50 ), were Larrea tridentata, Hymenoclea monogyra and Lippia palmeri with an ED50 of 220, 303 and 3000 mg L-1, respectively. Tukey’s PostHoc tests indicated that H. monogyra and L. tridentata are ten times (ED50 <300 mg L-1) more effective than L. palmeri (ED50 3000 mg L-1). In addition, the dose-response trend analyzes according to the logarithmic-logistic model (drc packages), showed the maximum slope values between 100 and 1000 mg L-1. In the spore germination inhibition tests, most ethanolic extracts (5000 mg L-1) showed an effectiveness between 21 and 80%. The results of this study demonstrated that the inhibitory potential of these plants used in BCS traditional medicine are a viable alternative for the control of F. oxysporum f. sp. basilici in organic basil production systems.
|Título traducido de la contribución||Propiedades anti-infectivas de plantas medicinales de la península de baja california, méxico para el tratamiento de fusarium oxysporum f. Sp. basilici en albahaca orgánica (ocimum basilicum)|
|Número de páginas||11|
|Publicación||Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias|
|Estado||Publicada - 1 ene. 2021|
Nota bibliográficaPublisher Copyright:
© 2021, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo. All rights reserved.