Purity and crystallinity of microwave synthesized antimony sulfide microrods

Claudia Martínez-Alonso*, Eliot U. Olivos-Peralta, Mérida Sotelo-Lerma, Roberto Y. Sato-Berrú, S. A. Mayén-Hernández, Hailin Hu

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

12 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Antimony sulfide (Sb2S3) is a promising semiconductor material for solar cell applications. In this work, microrods of Sb2S3 were synthesized by microwave heating with different sulfur sources, solvents, temperature, heating rate, power, and solution concentration. It was found that 90% of stoichiometric Sb2S3 can be obtained with thiourea (TU) or thioacetamide (TA) as sulfur sources and that their optical band gap values were within the range of 1.59–1.60 eV. The most crystalline Sb2S3 were obtained by using TU. The morphology of the Sb2S3 with TU the individual rods were exhibited, whereas rods bundles appeared in TA-based products. The solvents were ethylene glycol (EG) and dimethylformamide (DMF). EG generates more heat than DMF during the microwave synthesis. As a result, the Sb2S3 obtained with EG contained a larger percentage of oxygen and smaller crystal sizes compared to those from DMF. On the other hand, the length and diameter of Sb2S3 microrods can be increased by applying higher heating power although the crystal size did not change at all. In summary, pure and highly crystalline Sb2S3 microrods of 6–10 μm long and 330–850 nm in diameter can be obtained by the microwave method with a careful selection of chemical and thermodynamic parameters of the synthesis.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)390-398
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Volumen186
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 15 ene. 2017

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© 2016 Elsevier B.V.

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