Thermal evaporation−oxidation deposited aluminum oxide as an interfacial modifier to improve the performance and stability of zinc oxide-based planar perovskite solar cells

Carlos A. Rodríguez-Castañeda, Hailin Hu, Paola M. Moreno-Romero, Asiel N. Corpus-Mendoza, Guillermo Suárez-Campos, Margarita Miranda-Hernández, Merida Sotelo-Lerma

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5 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The acid−base chemistry at the interface of zinc oxide (ZnO) and methylammonium lead tri-iodide (perovskite) leads to a proton transfer reaction that results in perovskite degradation. In perovskite solar cells (PSCs), this reaction produces low efficiency and reduces the long-term stability. In this work, an aluminum (Al) layer of 1−2 nm thickness is thermally evaporated on top of ZnO or Al -doped ZnO (ZnO:Al) thin films and then annealed at 450 °C for 30 min. Thermal annealing converts the surface aluminum film into a transparent and approximately 2 nm thick aluminum oxide (AlO ) layer. Also, a larger concentration of oxygen vacancies is obtained by the annealing of Al and attributed to the diffusion of Al into the ZnO surface, and the ZnO underlayer results in a more conductive material. As a result, the chemical stability of perovskite coatings on top of AlO -coated ZnO films is significantly enhanced, and the flat-band level of ZnO shifts 0.09 eV upwards, which improves the energetic level alignment in PSCs. This allows us to obtain ZnO:Al/AlO -based planar PSCs that show a maximum efficiency of 16.56% with the perovskite layer prepared in ambient conditions under a relative humidity of 40−50%. After continuous illumination of about 30 min in air, ZnO-based PSCs without AlO layer retain only 34.5% of their original efficiency, whereas those with AlO retain about 92.5%. It is demonstrated that thermal evaporation−oxidation is an efficient method to modify the surface properties of inorganic semiconductor thin films and improves both the performance and stability of PSCs. 3+ x x x x x
Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)9618-9627
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónACS Applied Energy Materials
Volumen3
N.º10
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 26 oct. 2020

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© 2020 American Chemical Society

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