Thermodynamic studies of the strontium adsorption on iron species generated by electrocoagulation

J. R. Parga, G. González, H. Moreno, J. L. Valenzuela

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

In this research we present and discuss the results of the use of the Electrocoagulation (EC) process for strontium removal from wastewater. The phenomena associated with strontium removal is adsorption on iron magnetic species generated from the dissolution of iron electrodes of the electrolytic cell. With the EC process more than 99 percent of strontium was removed from wastewater without addition of chemical reagents. Sludge generated by EC was characterized by Chemical Analyses, X-Ray Diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM) in order to document the adsorption of strontium on iron-species. The electrogenerated crystalline iron oxides magnetite (Fe3O4) and maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) powders have higher values for saturation magnetization, but lower values for rema-nent magnetization and coercive field than commercial strontium hexaferrite with micrometric particle size. The experimental data were correlated employing a Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Thermodynamic parameters such as ΔG°, ΔH° and ΔS° were evaluated (ΔG°= -23.49 KJ/mol, ΔH° = -24.92 KJ/mol and ΔS° = -0.00479 KJ/mol K) and the adsorption process was found to be exothermic and spontaneous in nature. In addition, results indirectly indicate the feasibility of the EC process for strontium removal. © 2012 Desalination Publications. All rights reserved.
Idioma originalEspañol (México)
Páginas (desde-hasta)244-252
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónDesalination and Water Treatment
Volumen37
N.º1-3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2012

Palabras clave

  • Adsorption isotherm
  • Electrocoagulation
  • Strontium
  • Thermodynamics

Citar esto